Miriam Miranda, Garifuna

“Little Canada” Honduras Neocolonists Denounce Garifuna Defenders


Canadians facilitate illegal land sales of ancestral land in Caribbean Honduras, and members of the Honduran Black Fraternal Organization (OFRANEH) denounced for defamation by tourism investors Patrick Daniel Forseth (Carivida Villas) and Randy Jorgensen (Life Vision Developments) — see any issues of neocolonialism here?

“That is why they bring us to courts. That’s why I am going to have to face another trial. We are going to stand firm no matter what comes next and we will continue to denounce this Canadian mafia. We aren’t alone. The population, our organization, our ancestors and history support our side”
~ Medalime David

Miriam Miranda, Garifuna
Miriam Miranda of OFRANEH and other Garinagu speak to reporters during the two day mobilization in Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 2016 after Berta Caceres, Lenca land defender, was assassinated. Garifuna people, mixed-race descendants of West African, Central African, Island Carib and Arawak people, who live along the Caribbean coast of Honduras, are properly called “Garinagu,” and the culture and language are “Garifuna.” – Photo: Jeanette Charles

Winds of Persecution on Garifuna Lands

By Giorgio Trucci, Published in America Latina en Movimiento

Translated by Laurie Berenson, Courtesy of Rights Action

The proliferation of tourism and holiday-residential projects near Trujillo Bay on the Honduran Atlantic Coast, is causing high levels of tension between tourism entrepreneurs, mostly Canadian, and sectors of the Garifuna communities in the area who denounce the pillage of community lands and the increasing criminalization of social protest and the defense of territories.

Denounced for Defamation

On July 31, 2017 the leaders and activists of the Black Fraternal Organization of Honduras (OFRANEH) Miriam Miranda, Medalime David, Neny Heidy Ávila and Lety Hernández (the latter three from the community of Guadalupe, municipality of Santa Fe), were notified of an accusation against them for the alleged crime of ‘slander and defamation’ laid by the Canadian businessman Patrick Daniel Forseth, general manager and legal representative of the CARIVIDA Limited Liability Company.

According to this entrepreneur in tourism, the accused presumably gave statements to national and international media accusing him of several crimes, including that of appropriation of community lands by means of trickery, force and threats. According to Forseth’s claims, the women would be responsible for damaging his reputation and the image of the company he represents.

“The titles to these lands are ancestral titles,” said Carmen Álvarez said to the Sierra Magazine in Trujillo across from the cruise ship terminal. “The lands belong to us as Garifuna peoples. Sadly, we lost a lot of land, and we are struggling to recuperate it. I was arrested in 2014 for fighting for this land. Since we know they are our lands, we keep fighting. And we’ve recuperated this land here. We won this battle. Last year, they came twice to try and kick us off the land. . . . We didn’t let that happen.”

STORY: Inequality and Injustice – The Garifuna Struggle in Honduras

Garifuna culture, Garinagu People
A resident of Vallecito accompany’s singers as they preform traditional Garifuna songs. (Waging Non-Violence/Jeff Abbott)

Corrupt Honduran legal system

Launching accusations against members of the Garifuna communities organized in OFRANEH is nothing new. Medalime David was detained last November with three other members of the Guadalupe Community – César Geovany Bernárdez, Celso Alberto Guillén y Cosme Avila – for participating alongside other young people from the community in taking back lands that held community tourism projects, but which were inexplicably sold to CARIVIDA in 2012.

Medalime David was violently taken prisoner by police officers and the Navy, and was accused of usurpation. After a speedy trial, David was acquitted definitively, but not her fellow community members. Last May, César Geovany Bernárdez was arrested again for the same crime and is now subject to legal restrictions (alternative measures to imprisonment), which includes reporting regularly to the judge of Trujillo and not traveling abroad until the judicial process finalizes.

OFRANEH began in 1978 as a grassroots group struggling against racism in the banana industry. It has since grown into an organization that continues to battle racism while also defending the cultural, spiritual, and territorial rights of Honduras’s Afro-Indigenous communities. The Garifuna descend from Africans who escaped from slave traders in the Caribbean and then formed alliances with the region’s indigenous societies. In Honduras, there are at least 46 Garifuna communities in four departments along the Atlantic coast. There are also Garifuna communities in Belize, Guatemala, and Nicaragua.

STORY: In Honduras, U.S. Guilty of Financing Dictatorship

Santa Fe, Garifuna lands stolen
In the Village of Santa Fe, Canadian developers have aligned with post-coup corrupt governmental entities and organized crime to take land away from the Garinagu to build tourism enclaves.

A History of Plundering ~ “Little Canada”

On several occasions, young people from the Guadalupe community have denounced that there has been an accelerated process of illegal sales of titled community lands over the last decade. In particular, they accuse Canadian businessmen, including Forseth and Randy Jorgensen – the last CEO of Life Vision Developments – for acting in collusion with national and international front-men, community members and public officials to usurp community lands for the purpose of building tourist resorts and vacation homes.

According to information found on their webpage, Life Vision Developments is presently the largest promoter of real estate in Trujillo, owning more than 600 hectares of land with an ocean view, where he develops housing projects for the purpose of tourism (examples: Campa Vista, Coroz Alta, Alta Vista, Floridad) or sells of plots of land to foreigners. Banana Coast, Carivida Villas, Njoy Trujillo Beach Residences and Njoy Santa Fe Beach Residences, Marea Honduras are only some of the tourism investments that have emerged in an area that has been re-baptized as “Little Canada.”

Criminalization of Protest

“Before we had enough time to clear up one accusation they brought another one against us. Now they are accusing us of slandering and defaming this foreign investor, but the only thing we did was simply tell the truth and defend what belongs to our community. Every claim presented in this new complaint is false. Once again we see how money moves everything and how in this country, being a defender, a woman and a member of an indigenous community can be grounds for criminalization and persecution,” Medalime David stated to Alba Sud.

The Garifuna community defender assured that the real sin they committed was that of not succumbing to bribes, not bowing down to them. “That is why they are bringing us to courts. That’s why I am going to have to face another trial. We are going to stand firm no matter what comes next and we will continue to denounce this Canadian mafia. We aren’t alone. The population, our organization, our ancestors and history support our side,” the young woman emphasized.

As a result of the struggle for titles and demarcation of ancestral lands that had been carried out by OFRANEH and the Confederation of Autochthonous Peoples of Honduras (CONPAH), in 1998 the Honduran State gave titles to almost all of the lands of the Garifuna communities. That same year, a final title giving full control of almost 240 hectares was granted to the Guadalupe Community and registered in the Property Records office two years later. Backed by the law, the Guadalupe community urged municipal authorities to respect the final title, and abstain from carrying out new and illicit dismemberments or from granting full authority over any part of the communal lands.

According to OFRANEH, Honduran law is very clear in stating it is illegal to sell/purchase and register lands within a community land title. No person can authorize the sale of community lands. Nevertheless, this legislation was violated as proposals for large tourism investment started pouring in, with the understanding that no public official would interfere with this big business.

STORY: Garifuna Culture in Honduras: Dancing in a Changing World

Garifuna, Garinagu people, Honduras
A woman named Gabriela in the communal kitchen at the Garinfuna community of Vallecito. Photo: MÓNICA GONZÁLEZ ISLAS/Sierra Magazine

More persecution

On September 5, 2017, two officers from the Unit of Investigations the Police and one official from the National Telecommunications Commission (CONATEL) came to OFRANEH’s headquarters in the Garifuna community of Sambo Creek. These officials attempted to give Miriam Miranda, General Coordinator of OFRANEH, a citation requiring that she appear before judicial authorities. When they failed to find her, the police officers threatened to search for and arrest her.

In addition to facing the lawsuit filed by Forseth, Miranda is also being called to appear before the court for another lawsuit that involves one of OFRANEH’s community radio stations. In July at Trujillo, CONATEL declared that Radio Waruguma was in rebellion, and threatened to shut it down.

The Garifuna organization assures that this and other attacks against their radio stations represent an overt violation of indigenous people’s right to freedom of expression. This right is stated in the Inter American Convention on Human Rights and in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as in Convention 169 of the ILO.

“There is always a double standard for justice in Honduras. We sued Randy Jorgensen and judicial authorities delayed this process for two years and it still continues. But the opposite occurs when defenders or social protest are involved – that’s when the justice system is surprisingly fast as well as uncompromising,” explained Miranda.

For Miranda, those who invest in tourism are looking at the whole Trujillo area, and they exert strong pressure against the young men and women who refuse to sell out or be bribed. “The only thing we have done is denounce nationally and internationally the collusion that exists between local authorities and foreign capital, who then make accusations against for usurpation of our own territories. The defense of ancestral Garifuna lands and common goods are being criminalized and brought before the courts. As general coordinator and legal representative of OFRANEH, I am going to keep accompanying these processes of struggle and defense of what is belongs to us. We cannot allow the Honduran state to privilege the interests of foreign investors above the rights of the Garifuna people,” stated Miriam Miranda.



Lands To Die For: The Garifuna Struggle In Honduras
December 20, 2016, CCTV Americas
35 minute film about violent and corrupt challenges facing the Garifuna people, lead by the OFRANEH organization, in the context of the violence and repression, impunity and corruption that characterize the Honduran military, economic and political elites and their international partners.


Miriam Miranda, OFRANEH leader, detained and threatened by Honduran police
On January 11, 2017, Miriam Miranda and three other members of OFRANEH (Fraternal Organization of Black and Garifuna Peoples) – Luís Gutiérrez, Oscar Gaboa, Luís Miranda – were illegally detained and threatened by police at a roadside stop in La Ceiba, along Honduras’ north coast.

The Canadian porn king and the Caribbean paradise: Is a businessman taking advantage of lawlessness to scoop up land?
November 20, 2016, by Marina Jimenez

The U.S. and Canada Have Blood on Their Hands in Honduras
October 22, 2016, by Grahame Russell



Carivida Villas
(778) 242-8678
Carivida Club Café
Trujillo, Colón, Honduras

Life Vision Properties
90 Admiral Blvd. Mississauga, ON, Canada, L5T 2W1
1 (416) 900-6098

Ambassador Michael Gort, Embassy of Canada in Costa Rica, Honduras and Nicaragua, Tel: (504) 2232-4551; Michael.gort@international.gc.ca; tglpa@international.gc.ca


More information

Rights Action, info@rightsaction.org

Print Friendly, PDF & Email


  1. Pingback: El papel silencioso de Canadá en el genocidio afrohondureño – ANTICONQUISTA

  2. Pingback: El papel silencioso de Canadá en el genocidio afrohondureño – Resumen Latinoamericano – Associació Salut i Agroecologia (ASiA)

  3. Pingback: El papel silencioso de Canadá en el genocidio afrohondureño | Latin American & Caribbean Solidarity Network

  4. Pingback: Resources: articles & interviews addressing Rights Action’s work (June 25, 2019) – Rights Action

  5. Pingback: Historic Political Transitions in Honduras, Colombia, and Haiti

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.